BEAUTIFUL BACKYARD BIRDS IN NEW MEXICO WITH PICTURES

New Mexico is home to a number of bird species. It is home to more than 558 different species of birds. Birds in New Mexico range from more frequently seen birds such as the House Finch to less seen birds such as the Botteri’s Sparrow. The state bird of New Mexico is the Greater roadrunner which was declared the state bird in 1949. The Greater roadrunner, although it is capable of flight, spends most of the time on the ground, running at speeds as high as 15 miles per hour or more to catch prey.

States such as Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas, and Arizona border New Mexico and as such, have a number of birds that they share in common.

1. Black Phoebe

The Black Phoebe bird, which is also known as the Sayornis nigricans, is a small size passerine bird from the tyrant-flycatcher family and is known for its beautiful black colored plumage. They are from the migratory bird’s family, but they migrate less often. The adult Black Phoebes have all-black plumage except for their belly, which is white. The male and females have similar body colors, but the young Black Phoebes have less black and more brown shade in their plumage.

The Black Phoebe bird has 6 inches or 16cm long body length including the tail and has a wingspan of 10 inches. The weight of an adult Black Phoebe is between 15 to 22 g (0.5 to 0.8 oz). They are known for their tail-wagging motion. The bird has a high-pitched song that males use to attract females for mating and breeding. Their breeding grounds include a vast area in South America.

The Black Phoebe birds mostly eat small-sized insects, such as beetles, grasshoppers, crickets, wild bees, wasps, flies, moths, caterpillars, and larvae of some insects and arthropods as well. As they live near the water bodies, they also eat fishes of small size. They also visit the bird feeder’s backyards in different areas to get the food.

2. Ladder-backed Woodpecker

Ladder-backed Woodpecker | Pixabay

The Ladder-backed Woodpecker bird, which is also known as the Dryobates scalaris, is a medium-size woodpecker bird from the Picidae family. The Ladder-backed Woodpecker bird is native to North America but is also seen in some South American regions as well. Their name Ladder-backed refers to the appearance of their back that has lines of white and black feathers arranged like ladder steps. The Ladder-backed Woodpecker bird has a beautiful white, black, red, and cream-colored plumage. 

The Ladder-backed Woodpecker has black and white ladder-type marking on the back and wings. The Ladder-backed Woodpecker bird has a white belly and breasts with black spots on both sides. The southern varieties of these birds are slightly different from the northern. The male and female are almost alike. The Ladder-backed Woodpecker bird can have a body length range between 16.5 to 19 cm (6 to 7inches). The Ladder-backed Woodpecker can weigh up to 48 grams. 

The bird searches for food by pecking the tree trunks. They mostly build their nests in the holes they dig in the tree trunks. The Ladder-backed Woodpecker eats small size insects and worms. They also eat grains and seeds of different types of plants. This bird also visits the backyards of the bird feeders to get some protein-based food.

3. Hairy Woodpecker

The Hairy Woodpecker bird, which is also known as the Junco hyemalis, is a medium-sized bird from the Woodpecker family. The bird has black and white plumage, male Hairy Woodpeckers also have a red dot above their heads, the females do not have this dot.

They are similar in shape to the downy woodpeckers. They have a strong beak that they use to dig holes in the tree trunks. Males have brighter colors than female ones. The body length, wingspan, and weight of the male Hairy Woodpeckers are more than the female Hairy Woodpeckers as well.

The male has a distinct mating call to attract the females during the mating season. They visit the bird feeders frequently to get their food. They are constantly seen year-round in different parts as well. The Hairy Woodpeckers eat small worms, insects, seeds, and berries, they also eat the larvae of different birds. They frequently visit the feeders that feed them suet.

4. Juniper Titmouse

The Juniper Titmouse bird, which is also known as the Baeolophus ridgwayi, is a small size passerine bird from the tit family Paridae found in North America. The Juniper Titmouse bird is the smallest titmouse found in North America. The Juniper Titmouse bird is known for its grey-brown plumage. They also have a beautiful tuft above their heads. 

Male and female Juniper Titmouse birds have a similar plumage color, the only difference between a breeding male and female is that the females slightly weigh less than the males. The Juniper Titmouse bird has brownish-grey upperpart, wings, and back. Their head, neck, and face are also light brown to grey. The underparts, belly, and breasts of the Juniper Titmouse bird are all covered with light grey feathers. 

The Juniper Titmouse bird mostly eats small size insects as food. The Juniper Titmouse bird searches on the branches and on the soil to find the worms and insects and they eat them. The Juniper Titmouse bird also eats small grains, seeds of crops, and weeds. This bird also eats small fruits, and berries as well. They also visit the backyards of bird feeders to get some food.

5. Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay

The Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay bird, which is also known as the Aphelocoma woodhouseii, is a medium-sized species of scrub jaybird from the Corvidae family. These birds are native to western North America. The Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay bird is a migratory bird and they migrate towards South American and Mexico. The body of the Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay bird is all covered with light blue to dark blue colored plumage.

Their heads are blue, neck, back, and upperparts including the wings are also bluish and have dark feathers as well. The underparts are metallic blue, and the belly area is whitish blue. The male and female appear to be different. The body length of an adult Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay bird can be between 27–31 cm (11–12 in), and it can have a wingspan that covers almost 39 cm (15 in). The weight of an adult Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay bird can be up to80 g (2.8 oz).

The Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay bird has a habit of storing its food. They search for nuts and seeds and then they put them in somewhere only they can find in winter. They also eat small animals, including rats, frogs, and lizards. They also eat green veggies and fruits. The Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay bird is often seen in the backyards of bird feeders.

6. Lesser Goldfinch

The Lesser Goldfinch bird, which is also known as the Spinus psaltria, is a small songbird from the Fringillidae family. This bird is native to North America and migrates from one region to another during the winter. The male and female of the Lesser Goldfinch birds are different from one another. The male Lesser Goldfinch birds can easily be identified due to their lemon-yellow underparts and white patches that appear on their tails. The males of this species also have a solid black back and upper head. Their neck is also lemon yellow from the front and blackish yellow from the backside. 

The Lesser Goldfinch has a strong black beak. The female Lesser Goldfinch birds are browner in color as they show dimorphism. The young Lesser Goldfinch birds are also like the female. They appear more greenish-brown. But once they age to maturity, they gain their actual plumage colors. The Lesser Goldfinch can have a body length that ranges between 9 to 12 cm (3.5 to 4.7 in) with males being slightly bigger than the females. They can have a wingspan of range between 19–22 cm (7.5–8.7 in). The weight of an adult bird can range between 8 to 11.5 g (0.28 to 0.41 oz) with males being slightly heavier than the females. 

This bird builds its nests in the deep woods to avoid the detection of the prey. They mostly eat small size insects, including worms, caterpillars, larvae of the insects, and eggs as well. They also eat small grains of wheat and other crops, and seeds of the different plants as well. They also visit the backyards of the bird feeders to get some food. 

7. Song Sparrow

The Song Sparrow bird, which is also known as the Melospiza melodia, is a small-sized songbird with a beautiful voice. It produces a sweet sound to communicate with other Song Sparrows, this sweet song is melodious. The bird has a brown plumage color. Their whole body is covered with small brown feathers. These brown feathers also contain black spots. The bird has a brownish belly and underparts with black markings.

The male and female of this species look very similar to one another. Both have a similar plumage color and body shape. The male of this species has a slightly bigger body size, weight, and wingspan. Male and female mate mostly during the mating season, females lay eggs and sit on them while the male provides the food and protection.

The Song Sparrow mostly eats the worms and small insects including the larvae of different small insects. They also eat the green seeds of small plants and shrubs. The Song Sparrow also eats the berries of different small trees.

8. Black-chinned Hummingbird

The Black-chinned Hummingbird, which is also known as the Archilochus alexandri, is a small size bird from the hummingbird family, known for its black chin. This small size bird is a migratory hummingbird that keeps traveling to different places in search of food. They are mostly seen in places with an abundance of flowers. They have a long bill that they use to sip the nectar from the flowers. They have a similar appearance to many other small hummingbirds, the only major difference between this and other hummingbirds is that it has a black colored chin.

This small size bird is only 3 inches or 8 cm long and has a wingspan of 5 inches or 13 cm. The adult males and females of this species have metallic green color in their plumage, while their heads are black. They have white underparts, green flanks, and upperparts. They have a large black colored bill that they use to sip the nectar from the flowers. Their wings move extremely fast and allow them to be suspended in the same place to sip more nectar.

The bird mostly survives on drinking nectar from the flowers of different plants. But they also eat small insects including beetles, spiders, and others to fulfill their protein requirements. They are frequent visitors to the bird feeders that provide them sugar water. They come back again and again to drink this sweet water.

9. European Starling

The European Starling bird, which is also known as the Sturnus vulgaris is a small size bird found in the North American States. The European Starling belongs to the starling family. The bird has a beautiful and colorful plumage that covers its whole body. They are only 8 inches long and have a wingspan of 13 inches.

The European Starling has a shiny black plumage color. Their upperparts and wings also have some blueish black feathers, that give it a beautiful appearance. The male and female have an almost similar appearance, but females are slightly shorter in body size, weight, and wingspan. Some of the females also have a different plumage color as well, instead of black they have brown plumage all over their bodies.

It is also a frequent visitor to bird feeders in different areas. The European Starling likes to eat small insects, worms, small seeds, and berries. It mostly gets its food from the trees and soil, but sometimes it also visits the feeders to get its food.

10. House Sparrow

The House Sparrow bird, which is also known as the Passer domesticus, is a bird from the sparrow family. They are found everywhere in the world and are one of the most common bird species as well. House Sparrows are small and have a thick fat belly. The females and young House Sparrows have pale brown and grey color while the males have more black and brown marking above their wings and upperparts.

The house sparrows typically weigh only 30 grams and have a body length of 16 cm with a wingspan of almost 30 cm. Males and females have different colors of their plumages that’s why they are easy to identify. They are human-friendly and bold birds; they visit human settlements and houses regularly for food and shelter. They regularly visit the bird feeders in different areas in search of food.

The major part of their diet is the seeds of small herbs and plants, also the fruits of small size and berries. They also eat different kinds of insects, including caterpillars, spiders, worms, and larvae of small insects. Bird feeders can attract them to their backyard by spreading the grains, seeds, and other shredded and small food items including cracked nuts and corn.

11. White-breasted Nuthatch

The White-Breasted Nuthatch bird, which is also known as the Sitta carolinensis, is a small-sized songbird from the nuthatch family. They are very commonly found in temperate North American regions. They have a short tail, big head, strong bill, and feet. Their face, flanks, and chests are white, while the cap is black, and their back is blue-grey. They have 9 different varieties that can be easily identified by their plumage color.

The White-breasted Nuthatches have a maximum body length of 14 cm or 5.5 inches, while they have a maximum wingspan of 27cm or 10 inches almost. Their body weight ranges between 0.6 oz to 1.0 oz. The male and female have slightly different body shapes, and colors on their back. They can produce different types of songs, depending upon the situation.

They frequently visit bird feeders to get some food. They mostly eat insects and seeds of small plants and shrubs. They also eat and store the nuts of different plants such as hickory in the tree trunks, they eat these trunks during the winter season.

12. White-crowned Sparrow

White-crowned Sparrow | Pixabay

The White-crowned Sparrow bird, which is also known as the Zonotrichia leucophrys, is a small size passerine bird from the new world sparrow’s family Passerellidae. This bird has a sweet song/call. They are called White-crowned Sparrow birds because they have a white colored crown above their heads. This white crown is striped with black lines that go from the eyes towards the neck. The White-crowned Sparrow bird is a migratory bird that moves towards the south during the winter.

The male and female, White-crowned Sparrow bird appears to be similar in this species in plumage colors, but females lack the crown that adult males have above their heads. The body length of an adult, White-crowned Sparrow bird can be between 5.9-6.3 in (15-16 cm), and it can have a wingspan that covers almost 8.3-9.4 in (21-24 cm). The weight of an adult, White-crowned Sparrow bird can be between 0.9-1.0 oz (25-28 g).

They build their nests in cup shapes. They mostly live near the human presence. They eat small seeds and grains. They also eat small nuts, berries, and fruits. The White-crowned Sparrow bird also eats small insects and worms of different kinds. As they live near the human neighborhoods, they frequently visit the bird feeders to get food.

13. Bewick’s Wren

Minette Layne, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Bewick’s Wren bird, which is also known as the Thryomanes bewickii, is a small size bird Native to North America. Their body shape and size are like that of Carolina Wren. This bird has a long tail that is tipped with white color.  They are known for their brown plumage and loud song, that they use to call the females for mating and to declare their territory. They mostly nest near the water bodies and deep woodlands. Apart from the brown color, they also have grey and black feathers in their plumage and underparts as well.

The Bewick’s Wren bird has a body length of 5.1 inches (13 cm) with a total wingspan of 8 inches. The average weight of a Bewick’s Wren is between 0.3 to 0.4 ounces (8 -12 g). Females are like males. The juveniles are also like the adults as well, but their plumage color is slightly different. The males and females have sweet and high-pitched sounds, and they use this to attract each other and to declare the area or territory.

The Bewick’s Wren bird eats small-sized insects from the plants and trees. Their diet includes nuts, berries, and some seeds as well. This bird also visits the bird feeders in the different areas of North American. They mostly visit the bird feeders that provide them suet, nuts, sunflower seeds, etc.

14. Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Ruby-crowned Kinglet | Pixabay

The Ruby-crowned Kinglet bird, which is also known as the Regulus calendula, is a small size passerine bird from the kinglet family Regulidae. These birds are native to North America but migrate towards the south during the winter. Their common name refers to the small crown that they have above their heads. This bird is known to have gray-green upperparts and olive-green underparts. Their wings contain two white wing bars, that are masked by a dark layer of feathers. 

The Ruby-crowned Kinglet bird has a plain face and head. Female Ruby-crowned Kinglet birds have a similar plumage color, but they do not have the iconic crown that they are known for. The young Ruby-crowned Kinglet birds are also similar to the female. The body length of an adult Ruby-crowned Kinglet bird can be between 9 to 11 cm (3.5 to 4.3 in) and they can have a wingspan of upto 16 to 18 cm (6.3 to 7.1 in). The average body weight of an adult Ruby-crowned Kinglet bird can be between 5 to 10 g (0.2 to 0.4 oz). 

The Ruby-crowned Kinglet forages in the branches of trees in search of small insects. They mostly eat these small insects and worms as food. They also eat small fruits and berries and tree sap. They also visit the bird feeder’s backyards to get some food.

15. Broad-tailed Hummingbird

The Broad-tailed Hummingbird, which is also known as the Selasphorus platycercus, is one of the only few hummingbirds of medium size. The Broad-tailed Hummingbird is known for its broad tail, as their name suggests. Their body size is not bigger, it is their tail that makes them one of the large hummingbirds. The Broad-tailed Hummingbird has a multi-colored plumage. They are found in Mexico, the US, Canada, and Guatemala. The Broad-tailed Hummingbird has green, white, grey, brown, yellow, and red color in its plumage. 

The Broad-tailed Hummingbird has greenish wings and upperparts. The feathers of their wings and back are shiny green and reflect the slightly yellow color near the breasts below the wings. Their face is bluish-green and has a red neck. The Broad-tailed Hummingbird is only 4 inches long and has a wingspan of 6 inches. The Broad-tailed Hummingbird has an average weight of 3.6 grams (0.13 oz). The males are slightly bigger and look brighter than the females. They are also slightly heavier than the females. 

The young Broad-tailed Hummingbird looks like the female instead of the male when they are young, but they gain a separate plumage color as they grow. The food of Broad-tailed Hummingbird mainly consists of the nectar of the different flowers. They use their bill to suck the water from the flower. They also eat small size insects and worms. They visit the bird feeders in different regions to get some sweet sugar-water. 

16. Yellow-rumped Warbler

The Yellow-rumped Warbler, which is also known as the Setophaga coronata, is a small-sized bird native to North America and belongs to the Parulidae family of small birds. They have white, black, brown, and yellow color on their back and wings, and neck, while their belly is white with some black stripes that cover the neck part.

They have a body length of 5.9 inches, a wingspan of 10 inches, and a bodyweight of 14 grams. Male and female slightly differ in shape and dimensions. Females have dull colors as compared to males. They visit the feeders frequently, they mostly visit the feeders for the sunflower seeds, raisins, peanut butter, and suet.

Their diet mostly consists of insects, and larvae of insects but they also eat small seeds, fruits, and berries. They produce a melodious tune that they use to attract the female or declare their territory. They are aggressive and mostly displace other birds from their nests if they are around.

17. Great-tailed Grackle

Great-tailed Grackle | Pixabay

The Great-tailed Grackle or Mexican Grackle, which is also known as the Quiscalus mexicanus, is a medium-sized passerine bird from the Icteridae family. The Great-tailed Grackle is one of the most social birds, found in North and South America. Their name Great-tailed Grackle refers to their long tail. The Great-tailed Grackle has a completely shiny black colored plumage. The Head, neck, and upper parts of the Great-tailed Grackle have a beautiful purple-blue sheen color that shines. Male Great-tailed Grackles are different from the female Great-tailed Grackle birds. 

The male has more prominent colors as compared to females. The females have a dull black-brown plumage. The young birds are also like the female in their early days but once they age, they gain their actual color based on their sexes. The Great-tailed Grackle has a body length range between 38 cm (15 in) to 46 cm (18 in) and a wingspan that can cover almost 18.9-22.8 in (48-58 cm). The weight of an adult male Great-tailed Grackle can be between 203 g (7.2 oz) to 265 g (9.3 oz). 

The Great-tailed Grackle is a very social bird, they fly and search for food in the form of flocks and do not fly separately from their flocks. The Great-tailed Grackle eats by foraging the branches of trees and ground. They eat small lizards, eggs of other birds, nestlings, and eat parasites from the skin of cattle. They also eat bananas and other fruits and berries of some plants as well. They also forage the ground to find seeds and grains. They also visit the bird feeders to get some food as well. 

18. Canyon Towhee

The Canyon Towhee bird, which is also known as the Melozone fusca, is a small size bird from the passerine songbird’s family called Passerellidae. As their name suggests they are the natives of the Canyons and live in rocky places.  They are seen all over the northern and western American mountain areas. This Canyon Towhee bird has an earth brown color in its plumage. This color helps them camouflage in the environment. Their upperparts and wings are brown while the underparts and head have slightly fewer dark colors. Their belly and beast’s area are also brown. 

The Canyon Towhee bird has dark brown and light brown colored patches all over its plumage, including the wings and upperparts. The male and female of the Canyon Towhee bird have a similar plumage color, body shape, and size. The females have less weight as compared to the male. The body length of an adult male Canyon Towhee bird is between 19 to 25 cm (7.5 to 9.8 in) and they have a wingspan of 15 to 27 cm (9.8 to 11 in). The male Canyon Towhee bird has an average weight between 36.5 to 67 g (1.29 to 2.36 oz).  The Canyon Towhee bird nests in the human neighborhood and feeds on small insects including beetles, caterpillars, and flies. The Canyon Towhee bird also eats small size seeds and grains. They eat berries, fruits, and nuts of some plants as well. As they live near the human population, they frequently visit the bird feeders to get their food and drink water. 

19. Eurasian Collared-Dove

Eurasian Collared-Dove | Pixabay

The Eurasian Collared-Dove bird, which is also known as the Streptopelia decaocto, is a large size dove bird from the Columbidae bird family. The name of the Eurasian Collared-Dove bird refers to their origin, they are native to Europe and Asia and they have a collar around their necks. The Eurasian Collared-Dove bird has a grey buff to pinkish-grey plumage with underparts being even darker. The Eurasian Collared-Dove bird also has blue patches under their wings.  

The Eurasian Collared-Dove bird has a grey-buff toned tail, with sloppy feathers. The underparts of the tail feathers appear to be whitish. Their beak is slim, strong, and black. The Eurasian Collared-Dove bird also has dark black eyes. The male and female appear to be similar in shape, size, and color. The Eurasian Collared-Dove bird has an average body size for an adult bird about 32 cm (13 in) and a wingspan that can span in the surface between 47–55 cm (19–22 in). The weight of an adult Eurasian Collared-Dove bird can be between 125–240 g (4.4–8.5 oz).  

The female Eurasian Collared-Dove bird lays two eggs that are white and sits on them. The male provides for the female during this. The Eurasian Collared-Dove bird eats almost all kinds of food that they can find near human neighborhoods. They eat small insects, grains, seeds of crops, and wild plants. They also visit the bird feeder’s backyards to get some food as well. Mostly they get their food from barns and fields of grain crops.  

20. Wilson’s Warbler

Wilson’s Warbler bird, which is also known as the Cardellina pusilla, is a small size new world warbler bird from the Parulidae family. They are named after Alexander Wilson, a Scottish Ornithologist. They are migratory birds and they move from North to South during the winter. This bird has a black crown over its head. Some subspecies lack their iconic black colored cap as well. The underparts of the Wilson’s Warbler bird are yellow while the upperparts are greenish.

The male Wilson’s Warbler birds are slightly different in plumage color than the females. The female has a duller plumage and they are also shorter than the male. The body length of an adult Wilson’s Warbler bird can be between 10 to 12 cm (3.9 to 4.7 in), and it can have a wingspan that covers almost 14–17 cm (5.5–6.7 in). The weight of an adult Wilson’s Warbler bird can be between 5–10 g (0.18–0.35 oz). 

Wilson’s Warbler is an insect eater bird, they also eat small animals and worms of different types. They also eat small seeds, nuts, and berries of different kinds. They mostly catch their prey in midair flight. They also forage on the ground and branches to search for insects and seeds. They also visit the backyards of the bird feeders to get some food.

21. Western Bluebird

The Western Bluebird, which is also known as the Sialia mexicana, is a small size thrush bird from the Turdidae family. The Western Bluebirds are native to North America, but they migrate towards South and Central America during the winter. They are known for their bluish colors that cover almost all of their upperparts and belly area. They have brownish patches on their back and their bellies are grey.

The male and female Western Bluebird are different from one another in plumage colors. The Male has shiny and more vibrant colors, while the females are mostly duller and have dull blue to brown color mixture. The body length of an adult Western Bluebird can be between 15 to 18 cm (5.9 to 7.1 in), and it can have a wingspan that covers almost 13 inches. The weight of an adult Western Bluebird can be upto 26 grams.

The Western Bluebird is an insect eater species of birds and they eat all kinds of small insects and worms. These insects make up almost 50% of their total food. They also eat small grains and seeds of different plants and weeds. They also eat nuts, berries, and fruits of some plants. They are also seen at different bird feeders’ backyards during the winter.

22. Steller’s Jay

The Steller’s Jay bird, which is also known as the Cyanocitta stelleri, is a large size bird from the Corvidae family. This bird is native to North America and is closely related to the Blue Jay bird. This bird also has many other common names such as long-crested jay, mountain jay, and pine jay. All of these refer to one or more of its habits. They have a long crest, they live in mountains, and mostly forage on the pine trees. They have a very beautiful appearance and plumage colors. They have many subspecies that also live in the same region. The Steller’s Jay bird has a black to brown head depending upon the subspecies. Their bill is cylindrical, and this helps them get food.

They have a crown above their heads. They have dark shoulders that fade into the blue back, their wings are dark blue. The tail, underparts, breasts, and upper parts of the bird are all covered with blue plumage. The subspecies that live in the far North are duller than the species that live in low altitude areas. The body length of an adult Steller’s Jay can be between 30–34 cm (12–13 in), and they can have a wingspan that covers almost 16 inches. The weight of an adult Steller’s Jay can be between 100–140 g (3.5–4.9 oz).

The bird lays eggs in the nests that they built in the high altitude pine trees. The female sits on these eggs till they hatch. Male searches for food and eats small insects that they catch during the flight or while foraging on the branches and trunk of the pine trees. They also eat small animals. They also eat small seeds, nuts, berries, and different fruit. If they live near a human neighborhood, they also visit the bird feeders to get some food.

23. American Robin

The American Robin bird, which is also known as the Turdus migratorius, is a small-sized red and black colored, migratory songbird. It travels to different parts of the United States. Its shape and size resemble the European Robin, but it lives in the United States of America, that’s why it is named the America Robin.

The male American Robin is different from the female ones, the male American robins have more colorful plumage as compared to the female. The females have duller colors, while the male American Robins have the brightest colors. The body size and shape also differ between the male and female, the body of females is thin, and smaller while the body of a male is slightly bigger than the female.

The male sings a song to attract the female during the mating season, the female protects the eggs and sits on them while the male provides the food and protection during this. They like to eat small insects and their larvae, small nuts, and berries. They also eat the seeds of small bushes and shrubs.

24. House Finch

The House Finch bird, which is also known as the Haemorhous mexicanus, is a small size bird from the Finch family. The House Finch is a very social bird, and it visits the human settlements frequently. They are native to the west but now are found all over the United States. The House Finch is also a very bold and brave bird as it does not hesitate to come closer to humans as well.

The House Finch has a high-pitched sound that male House Finch mostly uses to attract the female for breeding.  An adult House Finch is only 5 to 6 inches long, has a wingspan of 10 inches, and a weight of 21g on average. The House Finch male has a different body plumage and feather color than a female.

The males are brown and have dark brown spots above their wings, meanwhile, the females have brown and grey colored plumage. The House Finches visit the bird feeders to get some food. The House Finches like to eat the small worms, insects, seeds of small plants, and berries of some plants as well.

25. Northern Mockingbird

The Northern Mockingbird, which is also known as the Mimus polyglottos, is the only species of Mockingbirds found in North America. This is a permanent resident in the northern states and does not migrate. They frequently visit the backyards of the bird feeders to get food.

The Northern Mockingbird has gray upperparts and whitish-gray underparts. The bird has longer-legged than many other birds of the same size and has a long tail as well. The male Northern Mockingbird looks like the females as both have the same plumage color and a similar size, shape, and wingspan. The males are heavier than the females in weight. Black feathers are also a part of their long tail and wings.

The Northern Mockingbirds can live up to 20 years. They frequently visit bird feeders in different areas. The Northern Mockingbird likes eating small grains, seeds of grass, fruits, berries, worms, and small insects.

26. Dark-eyed Junco

The Snowbird or Dark-eyed Junco bird, which is also known as the Junco hyemalis, is a small-sized bird from the junco family. They are frequent visitors to the bird feeders in the different parts of the United States, but they are mostly seen during the winter. The Dark-eyed Juncos are from the north but spend most of their time in the south in search of food and shelter, as the winter in the North is extremely cold and the bird needs a little warm environment and food.

They are a migratory bird and keep migrating from one place to another for various reasons.  They visit the south during the winter and move back to the north during the summer. The male and female of this species are like each other, but females have slightly brown plumage while the males have black and grey plumage. The females are also shorter in size than the males and weigh less than their male counterparts as well.

The Dark-eyed Junco has a high-pitched voice that it uses to attract females for breeding. The Dark-eyed Junco mostly eats the small insects and worms, this makes up almost 60% of its entire food, they also eat the small seeds, nuts, and berries of small trees and plants.

27. Bushtit

The American Bushtit bird, which is also known as the Psaltriparus minimus, is a small size bird from the Aegithalidae family. This is the only bird of this genus and is simply known as the Bushtit. They are commonly found in the different regions of North America. The American Bushtit bird nests in the deep woods and oak trees mostly. The American Bushtit bird is completely brown. They have dark brown upperparts and wings and lite brown underparts and breasts. The bird also has a longer tail. 

The male and female American Bushtit bird has different colored plumage. The plumage of the female is slightly dull. The female’s eyes are yellow while the male has dark black eyes. They have a short but strong beak. The American Bushtit bird has an average body length range of 11 cm (4.3 in), with a wingspan that covers almost 17 cm (7 in). The average weight of an adult American Bushtit bird is between 5–6 g (0.18–0.21 oz). The females are slightly shorter and carry less weight as compared to males. 

The young American Bushtit bird looks like their mother as compared to the male bird but as they age, they change their appearance according to their sexes. The American Bushtit bird is omnivorous. They eat all kinds of stuff, from insects to bread. They also eat grains and seeds of different types and fruits of different trees. They occasionally visit the bird feeders to get some food. 

28. Northern Flicker

The Northern Flicker bird, which is also known as the Colaptes auratus, Yellowhammer, and a Common Flicker.  It is a bird from the woodpecker family. It is a migratory bird and mostly keeps traveling. They build their nests in the deep woods. The Northern Flicker has a similar appearance to the Downy Woodpecker, but it lacks the red dot above the head and its plumage is duller.

The bird has all brown, white, and black plumage. The upperparts and wings are brown with black dots while the underparts and belly are brownish greys with black spots. The male and female also have pinkish feathers below their tail. The male and the female of the Northern Flickers are similar, but the male has a red neck ring that females do not have. Also, the weight, size, and wingspan of the males are higher than the females.

The male has a high-pitched melodious tone that it uses to attract the females for breeding. They are frequent visitors to feeders in different areas. They visit the feeders to get their food during the summer. They mostly eat insects, larvae, worms, seeds, nuts, and berries of different types.

29. Spotted Towhee

Spotted Towhee | Pixabay

The Spotted Towhee bird, which is also known as the Pipilo maculatus, is a small size new world sparrow bird from the passerine bird family, Passerellidae. They are a songbird but their call is harsh for human ears. The Spotted Towhee bird is native to North America but they migrate towards South and Central America during the winter. Their size is similar to a robin bird, but they have different plumage.

Their tail is large and black colored with white spots on the upperparts. They also have black wings with white spots. Their head, neck, and breasts are completely black. The underwings of the Spotted Towhee bird have a brownish color. Their belly and underparts are white. Their legs are dull pink and their beak is blackish as well. The body length of an adult Spotted Towhee bird can be between 17 cm (6.7 in) and 21 cm (8.3 in), and they can have a wingspan that covers almost 11.0 in (28 cm). The weight of an adult Spotted Towhee bird can be between 33 g (1.2 oz) and 49 g (1.7 oz).

The Spotted Towhee bird mostly eats small size insects including caterpillars, worms, small ants, spiders, aphids, and many others as well. They forage on the branches of the trees to get food. They also eat small size grains and seeds that they pick from the fields. They also eat small berries and fruits as well. They also visit the bird feeders to get some food.

30. Western Kingbird

The Western Kingbird, which is also known as the Tyrannus verticalis, is a large size flycatcher bird from the Tyrannidae family. This bird is native to the western parts of North America and that is why they are known as the Western Kingbird. These birds have crimson feathers, yellow and green plumage colors.

The Western Kingbird has a black beak and blackish under the tail. Their underparts are greenish, and their neck is brown. The male and female Western Kingbirds are different from one another. The females have duller body colors and also weigh less than males. The body length of an adult Western Kingbird can be between 8–9.3 in (200–240 mm), and it can have a wingspan that covers almost 15.5 in (390 mm). The weight of an adult Western Kingbird can be between40 g (1.4 oz).

This bird eats small insects, animals, and worms. They mostly catch their prey in the air. But they also forage on the ground and in the branches of the trees in search of food. They also eat small amounts of seeds, nuts, berries, and fruits from different plants and trees. They also visit the backyards of the bird feeders to get some food.

31. Say’s Phoebe

The Say’s Phoebe bird, which is also known as the Sayornis saya, is a medium-sized passerine bird from the tyrant flycatcher bird from the Tyrannidae family. They are the native bird of the dry western side of the United States. The Say’s Phoebe bird is named after an American Ornithologist Thomas Say. The Say’s Phoebe bird is a heavy, chunky, and darb bird. Their upperparts are all grey-brown and they have a black tail. Their tail is long but they have a short and pointy beak that they use to forage on the ground and tree branches.

The bird is known to have small thin legs. When they fly, their wings seem pale colored. The body length of an adult Say’s Phoebe bird can be up to 7.5 in (19 cm), and their wingspan can be up to 13 in (33 cm) wingspan. The weight of an adult Say’s Phoebe bird can be up to 0.75 oz (21 g). The male and female have similar plumage, but slightly different body weight and size. Females are shorter than males and they also weigh less.

The female Say’s Phoebe bird can lay up to 5 unmarked white eggs. Males provide for the females during these days. The young birds have a duller plumage as compared to the adults. They eat small insects that they catch during the flight. Some of them have also been seen eating small berries and seeds. They also visit the bird feeders to get some protein-based food.

32. Chipping Sparrow

The Chipping Sparrow bird, which is also known as the Spizella passerina, and belongs to the Sparrow family. It is a small-sized songbird with brown, black, and mostly grey plumage, upperparts, and underparts. The Chipping Sparrow is mostly seen in North America during the summer season.

The Chipping Sparrow male and female are mostly like one another and it is hard to identify them. The male in the Chipping Sparrows are slightly heavier, bigger than the females and they also have a slightly bigger belly and wingspan as well. Their black, brown, and grey color is shinier in the males than the females. The male has a beautiful song with a very high pitch, it utilizes this song to attract the females for breeding.

The Chipping Sparrow frequently visits the bird feeders in summer to get some food. They like eating the small worms and their larvae, insects, seeds of small trees, and berries of some plants.

33. Pine Siskin

Pine Siskin | Pixabay

The Pine Siskin bird, which is also known as the Spinus pinus and it belongs to a bird family known as the finch. They are a species of migratory birds; they migrate to different places in the winter. The Pine Siskins are small, with only a 5 inches body length, 0.60 oz weight, and 9 inches of wingspan.

The upper parts of the Pine Siskins are brown while they have pale underparts. Male and females have a similar size but a little difference in their feather colors. They also have some yellowish patches along with their wings. They natively live in the pine forests (conifer forests) but migrate during the winter. The Pine Siskins create nests that are hidden from the eyes of their prey to protect them and their eggs. They also regularly visit the feeders to get some extra food.

They mostly migrate in winter due to food shortages in cold winters. The Pine Siskins like to eat the small grains, seeds of the small herbs and plants, they also eat small berries, insects, larvae of different insects, spiders, etc. they mostly visit the feeders that offer them small seeds as feed.

34. Red-winged Blackbird

The Red-winged Blackbird bird, which is also known as the Agelaius phoeniceus, is mostly identified with its black plumage color and red wings. The female of this species is different from the males. The females have a different body plumage color. They have a mixture of black, brown, and red colors in their plumage.

The Red-winged Blackbird is seen in almost all the Northern States. The bird has a complete black plumage, with a bright red spot on its wings. They have a shiny black color that depicts a blue shade when exposed to the sunlight. Male and females are different from each other, the males have a bigger body size, more bright plumage color, and more weight as compared to the females. The male and female are easy to see and identify them separately.

The Red-winged Blackbird likes eating worms, small insects including spiders and many other insect larvae, they also eat the seeds, cracked nuts, and berries of different trees and shrubs.

35. Curve-billed Thrasher

The Curve-billed Thrasher bird, which is also known as the Toxostoma curvirostre, is a medium-size, mimid bird from the Mimidae family. The bird is known for its curved bill, that is also the reason for its name the Curve-billed Thrasher bird. The bird is native to a vast area of the US and Mexico. This is one of the birds that allow humans to come close, but they can also be aggressive if they ever feel that you are threatening them. The Curve-billed Thrasher bird is covered almost entirely with a dark brown to light brown plumage. The Curve-billed Thrasher bird has a long tail and short wings.  

The upperparts are browner and appear to have some sorts of scales or patches on the wings. But the underparts, breasts, and neck are gray-brown. The Curve-billed Thrasher bird has a body length that ranges between 10.6-11.0 in (27-28 cm), and they have a wingspan that can cover almost 13.4-13.6 in (34-34.5 cm). The Curve-billed Thrasher bird has an average weight for an adult of about 2.1-3.3 oz (60.8-93.6 g). They live in places closer to human populations.  

The Curve-billed Thrasher bird is an insect eater bird and eats almost all sorts of small insects including beetles, moths, butterflies, arachnids, and snails. This bird also eats vegetables, berries, and fruits. They also eat nuts, grains, and seeds of the small plants and weeds. This bird also visits the bird feeders to get some food. 

36. Mourning Dove

The Mourning Dove bird, which is also known as the Zenaida macroura is a medium-sized bird from the dove family. Its plumage is all covered with rusty brown color. The plumage also has a few black spots above the wings. The Mourning Dove is a frequent visitor to the bird feeders in the different parts of the United States.

Female and male Mourning Doves almost look identical in body shapes and dimensions. They also have a similar brown and white plumage. They can reach up to 12 inches in body length while their wingspan can be up to 18 inches. Their body weight can be up to 120g. Their appearance makes it easier to spot and identify them.

The male and female mate during the spring and winter, the male attracts the female with its beautiful mating call like the song. The female lays eggs and sits on them while the male provides food and protection to the female and eggs. The Mourning Dove visit the bird feeders that provide them nuts, seeds, and insect-based bird feeds. They also eat the small worms picked up from the ground or the trees.

37. White-winged Dove

White-winged Dove | Pixabay

The White-winged Dove bird, which is also known as the Zenaida asiatica, is a large size bird from the dove family, Columbidae. The name of the White-winged Dove refers to the white edge that they have in their wings. They are a migratory bird that moves from the South during the winter. Their underparts and breast area are brownish-grey. They have white-colored patches on their bellies. They have a v-shaped tail that is also grey-brown.

The male White-winged Dove has a purple colored shade but females lack this shade. The young White-winged Dove birds are also similar to the female. The body length of an adult White-winged Dove bird can be between 29 to 31 cm (11 to 12 in) and it can have a wingspan that covers almost 18.9-22.8 in (48-58 cm). The weight of an adult White-winged Dove bird can be up to 150 g (5.3 oz). 

The White-winged Dove is a granivore and is mostly seen foraging in the wild and ground for food. The White-winged Dove mostly eats small to medium-size seeds and nuts of different plants including wheat, corn, and desert plants. They mostly build their nests in the wild and deserted areas. They also visit the bird feeders in different areas to get food.

38. Western Wood-Pewee

The Western Wood-Pewee bird, which is also known as the Contopus sordidulus, is one of the smallest tyrant flycatcher birds and belongs to the bird family known as the Tyrannidae. The Western Wood-Pewee bird is native to western parts of North America, but they also migrate towards Central and South America. With their swollen belly, olive-grey upperparts, and light underparts, they appear similar to a small sparrow.

They have black eyes, dark heads, a crest above their heads, and a pointy beak. The male and female are slightly different in plumage colors and weight as well. The body length of an adult Western Wood-Pewee bird can be between 5.5-6.3 in (14-16 cm), and it can have a wingspan that covers almost 10.2 in (26 cm). The weight of an adult Western Wood-Pewee bird can be between 0.4-0.5 oz (11-14 g).

The Western Wood-Pewee bird has a habit of hawking over its prey. They wait in the branches and when they see prey, they attack it and mostly eat it in midair. The Western Wood-Pewee bird also eats small seeds, grains, nuts, berries, and fruits of some plants. The Western Wood-Pewee birds also visit the bird feeders to get some food.

39. Mountain Chickadee

The Mountain Chickadee bird, which is also known as the Poecile gambeli, is a small size passerine songbird from the tit family Paridae. The Mountain Chickadee bird lives in the Mountain ranges of North America. They mostly stay in one place but can fly long distances if they face food shortage or any other threats. The male and female of this species have a black colored cap that helps you identify them from other species. They have a black-white-black pattern on their heads. Their neck is black followed by white breasts and belly. 

The underparts, back, and wings of the Mountain Chickadee bird are brown, but the wings also have black and white feathers. Their tail has white, brown, and black feathers. The females are slightly shorter than the males and they also have a slightly pale plumage color. The young Mountain Chickadee bird looks like the females. The Mountain Chickadee bird can have a body length between 5–6 in (13–15 cm) and a wingspan that covers almost 7.5 in (19 cm). The weight of a breeding adult can be between 9 g to 11 grams. 

The Mountain Chickadee is an insect eater bird, and they eat all kinds of insects that they can find while foraging on the ground and trees. They also eat small conifer seeds and grains of wheat crops. They use their beak to open these seeds and engulf them. They occasionally visit the feeders for food.

40. Violet-green Swallow

The Violet-green Swallow bird, which is also known as the Tachycineta thalassina, is one of the smallest North American Passerine Birds from the swallow family. These birds are native to the North, but they also migrate towards South and Central America during the winter. They belong to a bird family known as the      Hirundinidae. This bird’s name refers to its violet and green colored plumage. The upperparts and wings of this bird reflect a violet and green color. Their wings are large, and they have a slim body.

The Violet-green Swallow bird’s head and back are also green that fades into the violet wings and breasts side. Edges of their wings also reflect black color in a different light formation. They show sexual dimorphism, meaning that the male and female are different from one another. Males are shinier while the females are duller and paler. The young birds are also paler and appear similar to the female. The body length of an adult Violet-green Swallow bird can be upto 4.7 in (12 cm) and it can have a wingspan that covers almost10.6 in (27 cm). The weight of an adult Violet-green Swallow bird can be up to 0.5 oz (14 g).

The Violet-green Swallow is an insect eater bird and mostly eats small flying insects in the air. They also forage on the branches of trees to get some food. They also eat small grains of different types and seeds as well. They eat small nuts and berries of different types as well. They also visit the bird feeders in different areas as well.