HOW TO CARE FOR PEPEROMIA ROSSO

The Peperomia Rosso, commonly known as the Peperomia ‘Eden Rosso’ and Peperomia caperata is a succulent plant species known for having a red-colored under leaf. It is a small perennial succulent plant that can be grown in small pots. The Peperomia Rossois an ornamental plant that is grown worldwide for indoor decorations and outdoor gardens. With its reddish under leaves, pointy ends, and beautiful mesh of green and red veins that move through its leaves, it creates an eye-catching scenery. The Peperomia Rosso requires minimum care and can be grown easily in any part of the world, that is why it is one of the most common and most sought-after succulent species. This beautiful succulent plant belongs to the Peperomia genus and the Piperaceae family of succulent plants. As it is an ornamental plant, it is most often seen in homes, gardens, and offices.

Peperomia Rosso PLANT OVERVIEW

Common NamePeperomia ‘Rosso’, Peperomia ‘Eden Rosso’
Scientific NamePeperomia caperata, Peperomia ‘Rosso’, Peperomia ‘Eden Rosso’
Genus, FamilyPeperomia, Piperaceae
SizeSmall, can only grow a few inches upwards. Spreads more around the stem. Average height 10 inches, the average spread more than one foot.
Color of stem, leaves, and flowersLeaves are multi-colored. The above side of the leaves is green, while the underside is red. Flowers are a dull brown to yellow that grow on pikes.
Flowering SeasonDuring the summer season when the days are the longest as it needs 12 hours of daylight to bloom.
Perennial/Annual.It is a perennial plant
Hardiness10a to 11b zones in USDA
Temperature rangeThrives in warm temperatures, 60°F – 77°F.

Lineage

The Peperomia Rosso is a cross between two different succulent plant species, one of them is known as the Peperomia marmorata and another one is known as the Peperomia metallica. These two species are crossed multiple times to produce this cultivar of a beautiful succulent plant. The Peperomia Rosso was created by a breeding program that patented this plant in 2012 under the name of Eden Collection Brand in the Netherlands. That is why it is better able to survive in the cold because it was created to survive in the cold environment of the Netherlands.

Both of its parent plants belong to the Peperomia genus, and that is why it is also placed in this genus as well. The Peperomia Rosso has all the traits of plants that belong in the Peperomia genus and Piperaceae family. As it can survive in the harsh summer without water or on the low availability of the water, it is also better able to resist the temperature changes and can survive more cold temperatures than any other succulent plant.

appearance

The Peperomia Rosso is a small-sized plant mostly contained in small containers and plant pots. It is a perennial multi-colored succulent plant. It has green leaves that spread around its stem. The upper part of these leaves is dark green, but the under-leaf part is red. Its pointy leaves create a beautiful look. Also, its leaves are thick and fleshy that helps it store water to survive the drought conditions. Leaves of the Peperomia Rosso have meshed red and green veins. It is very easy to identify as it has unique features. The Peperomia Rosso also grows small flowers during the blooming season. The entire plant stem is surrounded by multiple leaves that also create a giant flower look. This is a small plant and can only grow a few inches tall in the pot, it mostly spreads around instead of moving upwards. To give it a specific look, you can also cut and prone its leaves to make it look cleaner and beautiful.

Flowering

During the blooming season, if Peperomia Rosso receives enough sunlight for at least 12 hours a day, it blooms and grows small flowers. Some of these flowers are males, and some are female, both grow on the same plant and have only a few differences such as the presence of ovary, and stigma. Flowers grow on thin spikes that stand tall between the leaves.

Natural Habitat

As you know that the Peperomia Rosso is not a natural plant, but a cultivar and crosses between two different species. It was grown in the lab environment, but it has also been tested to survive in desert conditions and cold weather as well.

Basic Facts

  • It is a small perennial ornamental plant.
  • This can survive the harsh summer and drought conditions as it is a succulent plant.
  • It is not a species developed by natural selection, but a lab-grown cultivar of two species. It is patented by the Eden Collection Brand.
  • The first plant of Peperomia Rosso was grown in 2010 and it was patented and sold to the people for growing in 2012.

Requirements to Grow Peperomia Rosso

Below are some of the main requirements to grow Peperomia Rosso plant.

Soil Requirements

Like most other succulent plants, the Peperomia Rosso also needs a nutrient-rich, well-draining soil that does not stop or absorb the water. This type of soil helps these plants survive. The Peperomia Rosso has a very delicate root mesh that can get destroyed if the soil stores water in it. Its root starts to decay and rot due to the moisture in the soil. The impact of overwatering can also be dangerous on the Peperomia Rosso if the soil is not well-draining. This type of soil can be created using a balanced number of materials like sand, soil, perlite, and pumice. You can also use larger pebbles if you have a bigger pot.

Sunlight Requirements

The Peperomia Rosso requires plenty of sunlight. If you are growing it indoors, you should keep it in a place where it can receive sunlight most of the time every day. If it is possible, keep it in a window facing east or a place where sunlight directly falls on the Peperomia Rosso pot. Exposure to low light can cause multiple problems such as slow growth, late-blooming or no blooming at all, and discoloration of leaves. To avoid all these problems, you must provide plenty of sunlight.

Temperature Requirements

The Peperomia Rosso is a succulent plant and it thrives when temperatures are high (warm). It can also be grown in the cold regions where temperatures can go down to the freezing point, but they cannot survive the winter outside in these areas. That is why if you are living in a cold region, you will have to protect it from extreme cold and snow conditions. It grows very well if the temperature is between 60°F – 77°F. According to the USDA hardiness guide, it can survive in the 10a to 11b zones. 

Water Requirements

The Peperomia Rosso is a succulent plant, it can store water in its leaves. That is why you can water it occasionally. Small plants may need more frequent watering, but only provide a small quantity of water every time. This will help protect the roots of Peperomia Rosso from rotting due to overwatering effects. Low watering would not cause that much damage as compared to overwatering. That is why you should not overwater your plant. You can read the specific article related to succulent watering to get a better idea.

Fertilizers Requirements

This plant needs nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium-based nutrients and fertilizers to grow. You can add these to the soil while preparing the plant pot, or you can create a mixture of fertilizers with the water and feed this water to your plant. You can create a schedule for fertilizing your plant based on their age, and size.

Summary of Requirements

SoilPorous, well-draining, nutrient-rich
SunFull sunlight for faster growth
WaterControlled and scheduled water supply based on the age and size of the plant. Only water once the soil in the pot has become dry.
FertilizerThe amount of fertilizer and fertilizing schedule can be created after assessing the needs of the plant by checking the soil for nutrient deficiency.
TemperatureThrives in moderate to hot temperatures, but can also survive the cold weather as well.

Repotting

The Peperomia Rosso is a slow-growing succulent plant, which means you will not have to worry about the repotting son after planting it. Repotting once a year would help this plant grow faster by providing its roots and stem more space to grow and thrive. To re-pot the Peperomia Rosso, you will have to carefully remove the plant from its previous pot without damaging the roots and replant it in the bigger pot that you have already prepared before the uprooting. After repotting, give it some water. This will help its roots settle in the soil quickly.

Pruning

As you already know that it is a slow-growing plant, it only grows a few leaves in months. That is why it would not require frequent pruning. You can prune them if they outgrow their pot, or if they have stopped growing new leaves. Once you prune the Peperomia Rosso, it induces the growth of new leaves and flowers in the plant. Pruning it once a year is enough as it is a slow-growing plant.

You can prune it by cutting the leaves that are not looking fresh or have started to decay. After removing the dead and decayed leaves, start cutting the dead flowers and dead branches. Once you are done removing the dead parts, you can start giving it a required shape. While pruning, keep in mind the excessive pruning can also be damaging to the Peperomia Rosso that is why you should do pruning carefully.

Problems

Some ommon pests and diseases can attack the stem, leaves, and flowers of the Peperomia Rosso. These common plant infestations include whitefly, mealybug, and spider mite. These pest problems can be treated using traditional methods. If you want to know if your plant has been infested or not, you can look carefully at the above or and below leaves.

Apart from these pest problems, your plant can also face other issues and diseases such as if it is kept under low light, it will change its leaf color, or if it is being overwatered, it will change the color of its leaves and will start to die. To prevent these problems, make sure that your plant is kept in the full light, and also that your plant is being watered on time and in the right amount.

Propagation

The propagation process of the Peperomia Rosso is similar to most other succulent plants. You can propagate the Peperomia Rosso using cuttings from its matured stem. All you have to do is take cuttings and keep them in rooting hormone for some time. Once the roots start to appear, you should place them in the potting soil within a few days, a small plant will erect from the soil. To take cuttings, make sure to choose a healthy branch of a healthy Peperomia Rosso plant. Use the sterile knife to cut sharp and edgy cuttings. Cuttings can take up to 30 days to grow into a small plant.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question: What are the Benefits of Peperomia Rosso?

The Peperomia Rosso is a succulent plant that is grown for indoor beautification. It is also used in small rooms as an air purifier as it absorbs carbon and releases oxygen in the air. Its green and red leaves create a beautiful look that can enhance the look of its surrounding. That is why it is used as an ornamental plant.

Question: What is Peperomia Rosso’s scientific name?

The scientific name of the Peperomia Rosso is Peperomia caperata.

Question: What are the common problems of Peperomia Rosso?

There are a lot of problems related to pests and diseases that can destroy your Peperomia Rosso plant. Common pests such as mealybugs, spider mites, and flies attack the thick fleshy leaves and flowers of the Peperomia Rosso. Apart from bugs and pests, overwatering, underwatering, low-sunlight availability, discoloration of leaves, and root rotting are a few common problems of Peperomia Rosso.

Question: Why is my Peperomia Rosso fading?

There can be a lot of reasons, but the most common assumption is when your plant is not receiving enough sunlight, or it is being overwatered or underwatered, it would change its color. That is why Peperomia Rosso can fade.